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  • Writer's pictureSindhu Arasu


Kanchenjunga, mutually spelled Kangchenjunga or mountain peak, Nepali Kumbhkaran Lungur, the world’s third-highest mountain with associate degree elevation of twenty-eight,169 feet (ca. 52 meters). It's set within the map Himalayas on the border between Sikkim state, northeastern Bharat, and jap Nepal, 74 km nor'-nor'-west of Darjeeling, Sikkim. The mountain is a component of the good Himalaya vary. The Kinchinjunga formation is within the sort of huge cross, the arms of that extend north, south, east, and west.

Kanchenjunga consists of rocks of Neoproterozoic to Ordovician age. The mountain and its glaciers receive serious snow throughout the summer monsoon season and a lighter downfall throughout the winter. The individual summits connect with neighboring peaks by four main cliffs, from that four glaciers flow-the Zemu(northeast), the Talung(southeast), the Yalung(southwest), and also the Kanchenjunga(northwest).

The name Kanchenjunga geysers from four words of Tibetan origin, sometimes rendered Kang-Chen-dzo-Nga or Yang-Chen-dzo-Nga and understood in Sikkim because of the "Five Treasuries of the good Snow.” Mountain holds a very important place within the mythology and nonsecular ritual of the native inhabitants, and its slopes were little doubt acquainted with herdsmen and traders for hundreds of years before a rough survey of it had been created. The first illustrious map of Kinchinjunga was created by Rinzin Namgyal, one of the pandits explorers of the mid-19th century, UN agency created a circuital sketch. In 1848 and 1849 Sir Joseph Hooker, a botanist, was the primary European to go to and describe the region, and in 1899 the explorer-mountaineer The Little Giant Freshfield traveled around the mountain. In 1905, associate degree Anglo-Swiss party tried Freshfield’s instructed Yalung depression route, and 4 members perished in associate degree avalanche. Mountainers later explored alternative faces of the formation.

A Bavarian expedition rectified by Paul Bauer in 1929 and 1931 in vain tried to climb it from the Zemu facet and in 1930 the German-Swiss climber Gunter O. Dyhrenfurth tried it from the Kinchinjunga ice mass. The best height reached throughout these explorations was twenty-five,263 feet (ca. 80 m) in 1931. Fatal accidents on two of those expeditions gave the mountain a name for uncommon danger and issue. Nobody else tried to climb it till 1954, when, partially as a result of the Sikkimese objected, attention was once more turned to the Yalung face, that is in Nepal. Gilmour Lewis’s visits to the Yalung in 1951, 1953, and 1954 rectified to a 1955 British expedition rectified by Charles Evans, beneath the auspices of the Royal Geographical Society and also the Alpine Club, that stopped among some yards of the particular summit in deference to the spiritual beliefs and desires of the Sikkimese. Alternative Kinchinjunga ascent milestones embrace the primary girl to succeed in the summit, the primary solo ascent, and also the first ascent while not employment of supplemental O.

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