Shiva Prakash M C
The Next Generation: 5G Technology
What is 5G?
5G is also referred as the next generation wireless technology which enables the users to connect with the world virtually at much faster rate seamlessly. It is a new global network after 1G, 2G, 3G and 4G which provides a multi-Gbps peak data speeds, more reliability, massive network capacity, increased availability, and the user can experience higher performance with an improved efficiency which empowers to connect with new industries.
At the beginning of 1980’s, the first generation (1G) was developed in which we were able to experience only the analog communication. Later in 1990’s, they came up with second generation (2G) in which we had both analog and digital communication with a help of Code division multiple access (CDMA) technology.
Around 2000, third generation (3G) came into industry with an usage of mobile data in mobile phones to share the data among various devices and also for connecting with people. In 2010, fourth generation made a huge impact on the world by providing the services at much faster rate and was also referred as an era of mobile broadband.
The development of all these existing technologies led to an invention of next generation 5G technology with a main intention of providing the connectivity at much more wider range as ever before. It has been designed with an extended capacity to enable next-generation user experiences, empower new deployment models and deliver new services.
5G will expand the whole mobile ecosystem into a new realms, which will impact on every industry by providing the safer transportation, remote healthcare, precision agriculture, digitized logistic and more a reality.
Features of 5G
The existing technologies mainly focused on delivering the mobile broadband services at a much faster rate, but 5G was designed to be an unified network which includes a more capable platform that not only elevates mobile broadband experiences, but also supports the new services such as mission-critical communications and massive IOT applications for private use.
5G can support all the various spectrum types such as licensed, shared, unlicensed and bands with low, mid or a high range along with the new ways to interconnect with device-to-device or a multi-hop mesh. 5G can be significantly faster than 4G by delivering up to 20 Gigabits per second (Gbps) peak data rates and 100+ Megabits per second (Mbps) average data rates.
5G has been designed to support a 100 times increase in a traffic capacity and network efficiency and also has significantly lower latency to deliver more instantaneous, real-time access which is 10x decrease in end-to-end latency down to 1 ms.
South Korea was the first country to implement 5G technology in around April 2019 and LG V50 ThinQ was the first mobile to use the 5G network. In this year, we can have the Xiaomi Mi-10 which is to ready to launch its first 5G phone with much more added features and even one plus 8 pro will be available for sale from Monday which also includes 5G network access.
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